There is so much good practice out there, and we are continually learning from it and contributing to it. We like to share as much of this as possible with our collaborating organisations, helping them to promote the evidential basis of their decision to work with us. We develop research partnerships to highlight outcomes and approaches from our own work, and promote the research of others which has made a positive difference to our practice.

Please download any of the research and service evaluations below, and get in touch if you have further questions, additional research documents or if you’d just like us to send you copies in alternative formats.


Acquired brain injury:

Bradt, J., Magee, W., L., Dileo, C., Wheeler, B. L., & McGilloway, E. (2010). Music therapy for acquired brain injury. CLICK HERE

Thaut, M. (2009) Neurologic Music Therapy Improves Executive Function and Emotional Adjustment in Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation. CLICK HERE


Gold C, Wigram T, Elefant C. Music therapy for autistic spectrum disorder (2006). CLICK HERE

Gattino, G. S., Riesgo, R. D. S., Longo, D., Leite, J. C. L., & Faccini, L. S. (2011). Effects of relational music therapy on communication of children with autism: A randomized controlled study. CLICK HERE

Kim, J., Wigram, T., & Gold, C. (2008). The effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in autistic children: a randomized controlled study. CLICK HERE

Lai, G, Pantazatos, S.P., Schneider, H. & Hirsch, J (2012). Neural systems for speech and song in autism. CLICK HERE


Bradt, J. & Dileo, C. (2009). Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD006577. DOI: 0.1002/14651858. CD006577.pub2.


RCT: Ridder, H.M., Stige, B., Qvale, L.G. & Gold, C. (2013). Individual music therapy for agitation in dementia: an exploratory randomized controlled trial, Aging & Mental Health. CLICK HERE

Ueda, T., Suzukamo, Y., Sato, M., & Izumi, S. I. (2013). Effects of music therapy on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ageing research reviews, Epub ahead of print, 628–641.


Maratos. A., Gold. C., Wang, X. & Crawford, M. (2008). Music therapy for depression, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD004517. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004517.pub2.

Erkkilä, J.,  Punkanen, M.,  Fachner, J.,  Ala-Ruona, E.,  Pöntiö, I.,  Tervaniemi, M.,  Vanhala, M. & Gold, C. (2011). Individual music therapy for depression: randomised controlled trial, The British Journal of Psychiatry 199, 132–139. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.085431

Albornoz, Y. (2011). The Effects Of Group Improvisational Music Therapy On Depression In Adolescents And Adults With Substance Abuse: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nordic Journal Of Music Therapy, Vol. 20, No. 3, 208–224

Lung function:

Bradt, J.,Dileo, C., Grocke, D. (2010). Music interventions for mechanically ventilated patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 12; DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD006902.pub2

Hunter, B.C., Oliva, R., Sahler O. J Gaisser, D., Salipante D. M., & Arezina C.H. (2010). Music therapy as an adjunctive treatment in the management of stress for patients being weaned from mechanical ventilation. Journal of Music Therapy, 47(3):198-219.

Korhan, E. A., Khorshid, L., Uyar, M. (2011). The effect of music therapy on physiological signs of anxiety in patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20,1026-34. Mental health: Gold, C., Solli, H.P., Krüger, V. & Lie, S. A. (2009). Dose–response relationship in music therapy for people with serious mental disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review 29, 193–207

Gold, C., Mössler, m:, Grocke, D., Heldal, T.O., Tjemsland, L., Aarre, T., Aarø, L.E., Rittmannsberger, H., Stige, B., Assmus, J. & Rolvsjord, R. (2013). Individual Music Therapy for Mental Health Care Clients with Low Therapy Motivation: Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial, Psychotherpy and Psychosomatics. DOI: 10.1159/000348452


Bradt J, Dileo C, Grocke D, Magill L. (2011). Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD006911. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006911.pub2.

Pain management:

Cepeda, M.S., Carr, D.B., Lau, J. & Alva- rez, H. (2010). Music for pain relief. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews2006, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004843. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004843.pub2.

Nilsson, U. (2008). The Anxiety- and Pain-Reducing Effects of Music Interven­tion: A Systematic Review. AORN Journal,87(4), 780-807.

Palliative care:

Bradt J. & Dileo C. (2011). Music therapy for end-of-life care. Review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, issue 3 Issue 1. Art. No.: CD007169. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007169.pub2.

Gutgsell. K.J, Schluchter, M., Margevicius, S., DeGolia, P.A., McLaughlin, B., Harris, M., Mecklenburg, J. & Wiencek, C. (2013). Music Therapy reduces pain in palliative care patients: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45(5),822-31

Personality disorder:

Hannibal, N., Petersen, B., Windfelt, M., & Skadhede, S. (2011). Gruppemusikterapi i Dagbehandlingsregi: Opsamling på perioden 2003 til 2010. i Musikterapi i psykiatrien (2011), årsskrift, Vol. 6.

Preoperative music interventions:

Bradt J, Dileo C, Shim M. (2013). Music interventions for preoperative anxiety. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD006908. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006908.pub2


Mössler K, Chen X, Heldal TO & Gold C. (2011). Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD004025. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004025.pub3.

Talwar, N., Crawford, M.J., Maratos, A.,  Nur, U., Mcdermott, O. & Procter, S (2006). Music therapy for in-patients with schizophrenia. Exploratory randomised controlled trial, The British Journal of Psychiatry, 189, 405–409. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.105.015073

Ulrich, G, Houtmans, T. & Gold, G. (2007). The additional therapeutic effect of group music therapy for schizophrenic patients: a randomized study, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (2007), 116: 362–370. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01073.

Hannibal, N., Pedersen, I. N., Hestbæk, T., Egelund, T. & Munk Jørgensen, P. (2012). Schizophrenia and personality disorder patients’ adherence to music therapy, Nordic Journal of Psychiatry (2012), Vol. 66, Nr. 6, 376–379.